BetaStar S

BetaStar® S 4D is an assay for the rapid detection of beta-lactam, tetracycline, streptomycin, and chloramphenicol antibiotics in raw, commingled cow milk at or below established Eurasian Customs Union Maximum Residue Limits (MRL).

BetaStar S 4D is a reader based test designed to work with the Raptor® Integrated Analysis Platform and other AccuScan® readers.

Product Specifications

  • Testing time: 10 minutes
  • Tests per kit: 25, 250, or 100 (including Raptor cartridges)
  • Approvals: ILVO

Results

BetaStar S Results

Order Details

Item No.Description
BS4D002 BetaStar S 4D (25 kit)
BS4D014 BetaStar S 4D (250 kit)
BS4DR100 BetaStar S 4D Raptor (100 kit)

Reference Materials

BetaStar S

BetaStar® S for Sulfonamides is an assay for the rapid detection of sulfonamides antibiotics in raw, commingled cow milk at or below established Maximum Residue Levels (MRL).

BetaStar S for Sulfonamides is designed to work with the Raptor® Integrated Analysis Platform and AccuScan® readers. The test can also be read visually.

Product Specifications

  • Testing time: 5 minutes
  • Tests per kit: 25

Results

BetaStar S Results

Order Details

Item No.Description
BSSULFA BetaStar S for Sulfonamides (25 kit)

Reference Materials

Picture a standpipe at the end of the water lines in a poultry house. Does it look clear? Is the pressure ball visible? Can the wall behind it be seen through the pipe? Or does it look cloudy, stained from years of use?

Unfortunately, there are standpipes around the world in poultry houses that are opaque with years of buildup. If the water line was opened further down the line, a similar occurrence would be seen. Water on poultry farms can carry harmful pathogens, algae-forming organisms, and mineral sediments that cause buildup to form inside of water lines.

The build up in water lines can cause a host of problems including:

  • Growth and introduction of pathogens to be passed down the water line
  • Mineral buildup that clogs nipples
  • Algae buildup that clogs nipples
  • Reduction of water volume due to decreased diameter of the pipe

Scale and biofilm buildup of 1/16” along the inside of 3/4” pipe reduces water volume flow by 1.7 gallons per minute. As the industry continues to improve the genetics of birds, allowing for a larger bird to be raised with the same equipment, water availability becomes more important.

Luckily, the process for alleviating these issues is a simple one. Terminal water line cleaning and disinfection can reduce or eliminate buildup in the water lines. In between flocks, water lines can be disinfected to remove solids and eliminate any biology that may be in the lines.

Choosing the Proper Product

While there are products marketed as water line cleaners on the market, it is recommended to only use water line disinfectants that have been registered with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Registration with the EPA indicates that these water line disinfectants are proven to kill pathogens important to the poultry producer, such as Influenza A, E. coli, Salmonella, and Clostridium perfringens (vegetative). Water line disinfectants also help to clear the biofilm that accumulates along the inside of the water line, increasing volume and reducing issues with clogged drinkers. EPA-registered water line disinfectants include both silver-stabilized hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid chemistries.

When making the choice between registered water line disinfectants, it is important to understand what type of buildup is occurring in the lines. In water lines where there is mineral buildup consistent with areas that have hard water, a peracetic acid blend disinfectant that cuts through mineral buildup easily. For water lines where an organic slime accumulation has been observed, a silver-stabilized hydrogen peroxide chemistry is recommended.

How to Apply a Terminal Water Line Disinfectant

Both silver-stabilized hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid blend water line disinfectants can be applied in similar manners. Always follow the application directions provided on the label of the product. After removing all birds from the barn, water line disinfectants may be applied through one of the following methods:

  1. Mixing station or venturi-style pump with the correct metering tip per label directions installed
  2. Manually mix the product to the appropriate dilution in a trash can and inject into the water line through a sump pump

Flush the solution through the water lines, then trigger all the drinkers to ensure that the product removes any film present in the nipple assembly. Allow the solution to sit in the water lines overnight. In the morning, flush the lines with fresh water. Again, trigger all the drinkers to ensure proper function and that the water disinfectant solution has been flushed out. Once all the water line disinfectant solution has been flushed, the house can be heated up and birds can be placed.

Terminal water line cleaning and disinfection is the first step in ensuring that the water provided to birds is of a high quality. Clean water lines allow for not only adequate volume of water being delivered to the birds, but also water that is free of pathogens, which is important for flock health. Terminal water line disinfection is the easy answer to dirty waterlines and dirty standpipes.

 

More information about Neogen’s Water Treatment Products.

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“Would you like lemon with your water?” gets asked at restaurants across the country daily. For those who answer yes, their beverage gets a splash of acidity that makes their water more palatable. Beverages that are acidic tend to be more palatable, such as coffee, sodas, and sports drinks. That principle extends to poultry as well.

Once the buildup inside of the water lines has been cleared and the water being provided to the birds is disinfected, the focus can be shifted to enhancing the water to encourage more consumption. The more water that a bird drinks correlates to higher feed intake, ultimately leading to improved daily gains and overall performance. Modifying the pH level of the water can improve both the palatability, as well as the odor of the water. In addition to improved palatability, acidified water has been shown to:

  • Increase efficacy of some disinfectants
  • Increase mineral absorption in the GI tract
  • Aid in preslaughter Salmonella programs
  • Reduction of water volume due to decreased diameter of the pipe

Birds have consistently shown to prefer water with a slightly acidic pH, ranging from 6.0 to 6.5. While some water sources may meet that requirement without any intervention, pH modifications can be made with commercially available acidifiers. These acidifiers fall into two general categories: organic acids (meaning those that contain a carbon chemical makeup) and inorganic acids (also known as mineral acids).

Organic acids, such as citric acid, acetic acid (commonly known as vinegar), or lactic acid, are considered weak acids, meaning it takes more of the product to drop the pH of the water when compared to similar levels of mineral acids. Organic acids, however, are used to increase water consumption by birds and to increase solubility of supplements that require lower pH levels to properly dissolve into solution.

Mineral or inorganic acids are typically strong acids and are very effective at reducing pH, even in the face of water profiles that have a high buffering capacity, meaning they are more difficult to acidify. Examples of mineral acids include nitric, phosphoric, and hydrochloric. Mineral acids are used when a prescribed pH level is necessary as part of nutritional or water treatment program. In addition, because of the lack of carbon, mineral acids do not encourage the biologic growth that is sometimes seen with the use of organic acids.

Water acidifiers can be applied using a medicator or metering pump. Because the water profile on every farm may be different, it is important to verify the pH level of the water to determine the proper usage of chemical. After collecting samples of the water along the water line, pH level can be determined using a pH meter or pH test strips to verify that the pH of the water is within the range of the water treatment program.

At the end of the day, a bird who drinks more water will perform better than if they had not consumed that water. Providing clean, pathogen-free water at a pH level that is preferred by birds rounds out a robust water treatment program.

More information about Neogen’s Water Treatment Products.

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